The Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR) and research institute CE Delft were commissioned by Schiphol to investigate what is needed in order to bring Schiphol’s CO₂ emissions in line with the Paris Agreement. Research showed that at least a 30 percent CO2 reduction (when compared to 2019) is needed for Schiphol and European aviation to be on track in 2030. That’s more than the current (national) goal of a 9 percent reduction.
Published on: 25 January 2024
To achieve that, a strengthened national and international policy is needed. Given the strong international nature of aviation, it is essential that the polluter pays. The following measures are therefore required at a national and international level:
- Convert the Dutch air passenger tax to a distance-based tax. 20 percent of flights (long haul) are responsible for 80 percent of emissions. This tax would be in line with existing distance-based taxation in Germany and the UK.
- Additional tax for business class and private flights.
- Divert flight tax proceeds back to help the Dutch aviation sector accelerate its move away from fossil fuels. This would also create a competitive advantage for the development of sustainable aviation initiatives in the country.
- Expand the European emissions trading scheme to include intercontinental flights. This currently only applies to flights within Europe.
- Introduce a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) in Europe to prevent carbon leakage and maintain an level playing field.
- Commit to a worldwide kerosene tax and blending obligation through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
Read the studies here:
- CO₂ reduction targets for Amsterdam Airport Schiphol based on remaining IPCC CO₂ budgets up to 2050 - Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR)
- Carbon Budget Aviation - CE Delft