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From late March 2018, 100 of Connexxion’s electric passenger buses have been driving to, from, and around Schiphol: Europe’s largest fleet of fully electric buses. By 2021 this number will have risen to 258!
In late December 2017 the contract for public transport to, from and around Amsterdam Airport Schiphol came up for renewal. After doing research, the Vervoerregio Amsterdam (the Transport Region of Amsterdam) and Schiphol decided to make emission-free buses a condition of the contract. It was eventually won by Connexxion.
Besides being an airport, Schiphol is also one of the busiest hubs in the Dutch public transport network. Every day thousands of travellers, commuters and employees take a bus to, from, or around Schiphol. This collaboration with Connexxion and the Transport Region represents an important step towards achieving the airport’s ambition to be CO2-neutral by 2040.
The electric VDL Citea buses being used at Schiphol operate 24/7 and have a battery capacity of 170 kWh. The maximum action radius of a fully-charged bus is 80 kilometres, at 2 kWh per kilometre. The buses are charged by Heliox fast and slow chargers. Fast charges are at a rate of 450 kWh, take no more than 15 to 25 minutes and happen during the day, between journeys. Slow charges are at a rate of 30 kWh, take between four and five hours, and happen at night, at the bus depot.
Schiphol built and funded the charge point infrastructure at the airport itself – at Schiphol P30, the public transport hub Schiphol-Noord, on the Cateringweg at Schiphol, and at Amstelveen. In 2019 more charge point locations will be added at Haarlem (bus station) and Schiphol-Zuid (bus depot).
The CO2 emission reductions are not easy to calculate in advance; they will depend on the number of kilometres actually driven by the buses and their passenger loads. However, the electric buses emit no CO2, and at Schiphol they are recharged using electricity from 100% Dutch wind power.